Cloud to ground lightning is a subset of lightning which travels from a cloud to the ground, and is of importance to meteorologists and lightning researchers. However, ground-based lightning detection systems have limited capabilities in detecting these relatively small, high-energy, and relatively short-duration events. Other considerations include maintaining sufficient energy for sufficient time to detect these events, data bandwidth for reporting these events, and developing adequate alarm systems for detecting electrical equipment that may be susceptible to damage from lightning.
As a result, for example, some researchers and organizations have had to wait for a lightning storm to generate intense flash activity before taking the time to survey a region for activity or report the activity to the general public. In such instances, researchers may wait for hours or even days for the storm to produce sufficient lightning activity to determine the nature of the storm and report on the storm to the general public.
To address this problem, other lightning detection systems have been developed which attempt to detect lightning from outside of a cloud to ground lightning event. Such systems typically include an antenna disposed at a position outside of the cloud in a region where the likelihood of cloud-to-ground lightning occurring is greater than the likelihood of cloud-to-cloud lightning occurring. As a result, such systems may detect lightning activity in the region where the antenna is located. Unfortunately, the antennas used in such systems are typically too large to be incorporated into a handheld device such as a cell phone. As a result, these systems may not be readily available or utilized in certain situations.Size-dependent synergism in the hydrolysis of cellulose by a probiotic bacterium strain Bifidobacterium lactis 3E3.
To facilitate the digestion of dietary fibres in the colon, there is an interest in using lactic acid bacteria (LAB) as biocatalysts to cleave these polysaccharides in the small intestine 0b46394aab