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Powershell Code: Create System State Backup



this is the code for the script i have written as seen below, however when i run the scrip it does create the folder on the network share but fails to initiate the system state backup power shell returns this error when i run the script.




Powershell Code: Create System State Backup



The Start-WBSystemStateRecovery cmdlet starts a system state recovery operation.If the System State recovery operation is performed on the actual computer, completion of the operation requires a restart.If recovery is performed on an Active Directory (AD) computer, this cmdlet must be run in Directory Services Restore Mode (DSRM).


The second command starts the system state recovery from the backup stored in the $Backup variable.The command also uses the Force parameter to perform the recovery without prompting, the RestartComputer parameter to restart the computer when recovery finishes, and the Async parameter to suppress status output.


Indicates that this cmdlet recovers all the related data needed for Active Directory Domain Services from an install from a media (IFM) operation.Active Directory Install From Media (ADIFM) creates a copy of the Active Directory database, registry, and SYSVOL state, and then saves this information in the location specified by the RecoveryTarget parameter.Use this parameter only when RecoveryTarget is specified.This parameter is valid only if the backup set contains an Active Directory system state backup.


Indicates that this cmdlet performs an authoritative recovery of SYSVOL, the System Volume shared directory.This parameter is valid only if the backup set contains an Active Directory system state backup.


Indicates that this cmdlet performs a system restart at the completion of the system state recovery operation.Use this parameter only for a recovery to the original location.Do not use this parameter if you need to perform steps after the recovery operation.


Specifies an alternate location where the files belonging to system state can be recovered from the backup set.If you do not specify this parameter, system state recovery is performed for the actual computer, which needs a restart at the end of the operation.ADIFM recovery requires this parameter.


Before you can restore a file, folder, account, system state, etc., you have to back it up first. That would seem logical, but when you need to restore, it is not the time to realize that your backup has not been working or is corrupt. In this article, we will look at backing up the Active Directory System State. This is not meant to be a step-by-step intensive guide. We will look at the basics of how to get started. There are many third-party backup programs that will do the job nicely, but Windows has some built-in tools that work as well.


The components that make up system state data depend on the server roles that are installed on the server. The system state data includes the following at a minimum plus additional data depending on the server roles installed.


Backing up Active Directory in Windows Server 2012 R2 using PowerShell is now easier because of the Windows Server Backup cmdlets that are included with PowerShell. You can schedule backups to happen at specific intervals or you can perform a one-time backup. First, we will look at performing a one-time backup, but we will look at scheduling later. Wbadmin is the built-in command for backing up the system state. The wbadmin command replaced the ntbackup command.


(NOTE: You will not be able to recover backups that you created with ntbackup by using wbadmin. A version of ntbackup that will allow you to recover backups that you created using ntbackup is available for download from Microsoft. This downloadable version of ntbackup allows you to perform recoveries only of legacy backups and cannot be used to create new backups.)


Make sure that you create the backup volume on a dedicated internal or external hard drive. A network shared folder cannot be used as a backup target for a system state backup. If you want to store a system state backup on a network shared folder, you would have to initially backup to a local volume and then copy the backup to the network shared folder.


Once you have your backup procedure in place and tested, you can create scheduled task to run the backup on a regular basis. You can use the Windows Backup Snap-in in the MMC to create a schedule to run backups at different times on different days, you can use Task Scheduler.


As with any backup, it is important to store it in a safe place. If a catastrophic disaster destroys your data center, you want to make sure that you have your backups in a safe off-site location. Keep the following in mind when you are backing up system state data:


To create an Active Directory backup the Windows server backup utility needs to be installed. This utility gets a bad wrap, mostly because it is used incorrectly. It is not a solution for backing up your entire enterprise but works great for specific use cases like backing up Active Directory.


When you back up a domain controller using WSB, you create a System State backup. The System State includes the Active Directory database (NTDS.DIT), Group Policy Objects, SYSVOL directory contents, the registry, the IIS metadata, the AD CS database and other system files and resources. The backup is created through the Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS).


The size of such a backup will be only 50-500MB depending on the AD database size.For automatic AD backup, create the C:\PS\Backup_AD_DC.ps1 script on your DC. Run it according to the schedule using Task Scheduler. You can create a Scheduler task from the GUI or with PowerShell. The main requirement is that the task must be run under the NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEMaccount with the Run with highest privileges option checked. For a daily AD domain controller backup, create the following scheduled task:


You can certainly automate Active Directory backups. Again, enterprise solutions will have this capability as part of their software. And, using Windows Server Backup, you can create any automated schedule you wish.


In the Microsoft Windows Server 2016, the domain controller provides core identity services to a business network. The corruption of a domain controller would bring your network services to the hell. This remind us about the importance of backing up the system state of a domain controller in Windows server. Here we would show you how to back up system state of the Windows Server 2016 domain controller. Please follow my words.


In my example, the database backup routine is run from a separate server from the data server. This separate server can be domain and file server, performing important tasks for the LAN such as serving files, Active Directory, DNS, or Exchange as well as other services. The database backups being run on this server can run alongside file, Exchange and system state backups. Exchange backups save emails. System state backups include registry settings, active directory data and important system configuration. Having all of these backups together in one place makes it easy to manage your recovery process.


Next we set the backup file to have one backup set. This is equivalent to WITH INIT in the Transact-SQL BACKUP statement. However we don't really need to do this, since we deleted the previous backup


Next we create the daily archive zip. With SQL Server 2008, there is a compression option with backups, but this is not available with earlier versions. Since we are performing the compression in PowerShell, we can zip database from earlier versions of SQL Server as well. We compress the backup archive to cut back on storage space with this command.


This will restore database dbName on the alternate physical data server to the point when the full backup was taken. Note that the backup must be copied to the destination folder on the new destination database server. The script can easily be run on the database server, but as stated, I like to have it running alongside file and system state backups from our domain server. I believe having all backups running in one location makes the backup process easier to manage.


This is a simple solution, but one I believe is very effective. This can be used in configurations where having a few minutes of downtime is acceptable in the event of disaster. There are many organizations where having a few minutes of down time is not acceptable. More complex configurations such as database mirroring, log shipping or clustering must be used in these cases. These would better ensure uptime of 100%. Increased complexity usually is harder to manage, requiring an increased skill set from the database administrator. This same backup procedure could run alongside those other systems as well.


By comparing the backup process of the two, it is not difficult to find that the latter is simpler and easier to operate. AOMEI Backupper is a powerful backup software for all Windows Servers and PCs. In addition to the backup function, it also has functions such as cloning, synchronization, and recovery. You can use it to create a Windows Server recovery disk and boot from it in the event of an accident.


certification authority backup can be accomplished as part of the system state backup for the server running the certification authority services. System state backups are the preferred method to backup up a CA. It includes the following components related to CA services:


The system state backup files Windows Server Backup produces include a virtual hard disk file. For operating systems older than Windows 8 or Windows Server 2012, that virtual hard disk file will be of the (.vhd) variety. This format is incompatible with hard drives formatted with 4K sectors (more info here). For Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, and newer, the virtual hard disk file using the (.vhdx) format which does work with 4K sector drives.


Since Microsoft's VSS is used to create the shadow copy used in the system state backup, if one or more of the VSS writers is not working correctly, the backup will fail. One of the more common forms of this problem is seen as the following events:


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